ANARCHISM-A system that opposes in principle the existence of any form of government, of through violence and lawlessness,
AUTHORITARIAN-Government in which all legitimate power rests in one person (dictatorship) or a small group of persons (oligarchy) individual rights are subordinate to the wishes of the state, and all means necessary are used to maintain political power,
AUTHORITY- command of the obedience of society’s members by a government,
AUTOCRACY-Unchecked political power exercised by a single ruler.
BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY-A school of psychological thought that holds that the way people (and animals) act is determined by the stimuli they receive from the environment and from other persons and that human or animal behavior can be manipulated by carefully structuring the environment to provide positive stimuli for desired behavior and negative stimuli for unwanted behavior.
CAPITALISM-An economic system in which individuals own the means of production and can legally amass unlimited personal wealth, Capitalist theory holds that governments should not impose any unnecessary restrictions on economic activity and the laws of supply and demand can best regulate the economy. In a capitalist system, the private sector (mainly business and consumers), rather than government, makes most of the key decisions about production, employment, saving investment, and the like. The opposite of a centrally planned economy such an existed in the Soviet Union under Stalin’s and Stalin’s successors,
CHARISMATIC LEADER- Apolitical leader who gains legitimacy largely through the adoration of the populace, such adoration may spring from past heroic feats (real or imagined) or from parasol oratorical skill and political writing.
COLLECTIVIZATION- The takeover of all lands and other means of production by the state,
CONSTITUIONALISM-See rule of law,
DYSTOPIA- A society whose creators set out to build the perfect political order only to discover that they can not remain in power except through coercion and by maintaining a ruthless monopoly over the means of communication.